Our forefathers and foremothers were already working on methods to electrify the chassis with wheels before Karl Benz patented an internal combustion vehicle in 1886. Gustave Pierre Trouvé, a French inventor as well as electrical engineer, is credited with inventing the first human-carrying electric vehicle in April 1880. The first electric automobile is a three-wheeled marvel with a customized Siemens electric engine and lead-acid battery pack, built from a James Starley English tricycle. Trouvé was unable to patent his invention due to fate, but his descendants were more fortunate.
We decided to pay respect to history’s most important Electric vehicles and then focus on the future of Electric Vehicles design now that electric cars are steadily approaching the mainstream consciousness among automobile consumers. Join us on a journey through the history of electricity to commemorate World Electric Vehicle Day!
Thomas Parker invents electric car in 1884.
The first patented invention of English inventor as well as industrialist Thomas Parker was a redesigned steam pump. Nonetheless, he was traveling to the workplace in Wolverhampton inside an electric vehicle he invented and manufactured in 1884, 10 years before Britain got its first taste of a gasoline-powered car.
Parker has a talent for creating fuel-efficient, clean-burning automobiles, which eventually created the first mass-market electric vehicle. He even devised a steam generator to be able to recharge the lead-acid battery pack in his electric vehicle.
Flocken Elektrowagen, 1888
Historians consider the Flocken Elektrowagen to be the world’s first true electric vehicle. The Elektrowagen, which was first produced in 1888, was founded on the chassis identical to Gottlieb Daimler’s motorized carriage, but it had an electric motor.
William Morrison invents the electric vehicle in 1890.
William Morrison, a Scottish chemist, designed the electric vehicle as the first horseless carriage manufactured in the United States. It has a high speed of 20 mph and can carry up to 12 passengers on 3 bench seats.
Morris and Salom Electrobat, 1894
The Morris & Salom Electric Carriage and Wagon Company, founded by Henry G. MorScottish chemist ris, a mechanical engineer and chemist Pedro G. Salom, was America’s first electric car company. The Electrobat is their first vehicle, with 2 1.5-horsepower electric motors, a high speed of 20 mph and a range of 25 miles.
Bersey electric taxicab, 1897
Walter Charles Bersey, a British electrical engineer, invented an electric taxicab in the year 1896. In 1897, London Electrical Cab Company received its first batch of 12 cabs. Despite this, Bersey decided to retire the cabs after two years due to unnecessarily damaging the chassis, wheels, and tires caused by the battery pack’s excessive weight.
Columbia Electric Runabout, 1903
Columbia Runabout has been defined as a horseless carriage that has a tiller steering, a -speed transmission, and a chain-drive electric powertrain. It also had rear-wheel brakes, which rang a bell when a car came to a complete stop.
1959 – Henney Kilowatt
From 1959 to 1960, Henney Kilowatt was manufactured. The Kilowatt was sold to 47 electric utility firms across the United States by the Henney Motor Company. It had a maximum speed of 60 miles per hour and a range of about 60 miles.
BMW 1620E, 1972
The BMW 1620e was the first electric vehicle to sport the BMW propeller badge, which debuted in 1972. It was equipped with a Bosch electric motor rated at 32 kW and 12 12-volt Varta batteries. This has a scope of 18 miles and can go at speeds of up to 31 mph.
GM Impact electric concept, 1990
The General Motors EV1 electric car is based on the Impact Concept. The design sports a front-mounted integrated motor with a single-speed transmission that produces 137 horsepower and has a high speed of 183 mph.
Venturi Fetish, 2004
From 2004 to 2007, the Fetish was developed by the Monaco-based electric automobile firm Venturi. At launch, Fetish was the world’s first electric sports car, possessing a 180-kW electric motor generating 241 horsepower. In 2011, the company released a new model of the vehicle. It had a 220-kW motor that produced 295 horsepower.
Tesla Roadster, 2008
The Roadster is the very first taste of what’s to come from Tesla, the American electric vehicle pioneer. The first-generation Roadster which possesses a single electric motor as well as a 53-kWh battery pack and is based on the chassis and the body of a manufacturing Lotus Elise. It accelerates from zero to sixty miles per hour in 3.9 seconds and possesses a range of approximately 244 miles.
Nissan Leaf debuted in 2010.
The Nissan Leaf was introduced in 2010 with a meager 73-mile range and a 24-kWh lithium-ion battery pack. The Leaf received a bigger 30 kWh battery pack in 2016, which considerably increased the driving range. The current second-generation Leaf features a 40 kWh or even 62 kWh battery that provides a range of 151 to 226 miles.
Renault Zoe, 2012
The Renault Zoe was introduced in 2012 and is still on the market today. It’s a five-door electric supermini that comes with a 22-kWh lithium-ion battery package at launch (130 miles of range). The long-range model debuted in 2016, with a larger 41 kWh battery and a range of up to 250 miles.
Tesla Model Y was released in 2020.
The Tesla Model Y has become a crossover model of the Model 3 electric sedan, which is the company’s best-selling model. It’s offered with a single motor RWD or the dual-motor AWD powertrain with a range of up to 326 miles.
Tesla Roadster 2.0 released in 2021.
The Tesla Roadster, which is has been in the works for a long time, but it’s well worth the wait. It contains a single front electric motor and two back electric motors, as well as a gigantic 200 kWh battery pack in middle. Tesla promises a top speed of over 250 mph and a time of 1.9 seconds from zero to 60 mph.
Tesla Cybertruck in 2022
With the impending release of Cybertruck, the sturdiest Tesla EV to date, Tesla fans can’t wait for the year 2022 to arrive. It has a unique exoskeleton chassis featuring a single, dual, or three motor configurations. The latter is capable of propelling the Cybertruck from 0 to 60 mph in less than 2.9 seconds.