Jeff Bezos launched his Blue Origin rocket into orbit on July 20. As he embarked with his brother and safely returned to the surface, the entire world watched in astonishment. Bezos and others hope to increase space trips in the future to create a colony on Mars.
The objective of establishing a Mars colony is driven by efforts to combat climate change. Sadly, Blue Origin did more to degrade the atmosphere than it did to help the ecosystem. Elon Musk’s SpaceX will use renewable energy sources, causing a shift in the rocket fuel industry. Creating a Mars colony is a huge undertaking. It will lessen human involvement on the planet in the long run, decreasing surface contamination and greenhouse gas emissions. The combustion of fossil fuels for electricity generation accounts for a considerable amount of our carbon emissions.
Unlike Earth, Mars is unable to create the basic materials required for traditional energy production. Since fracking and mining are no longer viable options, we must turn to other sources of energy. The sources must be compatible with Mars’s available elements, allowing resources to be conserved rather than depleted. Aside from transportation from Mars, we needed to assess the long-term viability of rockets departing from Earth. The SpaceX Falcon 9, which is a reusable rocket, is currently powered by kerosene and liquid oxygen. Kerosene has negative environmental and human health consequences.
Kerosene emits black carbon during combustion, producing as much heat as 700 kg of carbon dioxide emissions. The cause of rising global temperatures and their detrimental ecological consequences is pollution in the atmosphere. We must also assess the production emissions associated with rocket manufacture to determine the life cycle footprint. Thankfully, Musk looked into the manufacturing procedure as a way to reduce carbon emissions. SpaceX uses renewable energy sources rather than fossil fuel-generated electricity to power its rockets. Solar panels cover the head office in Hawthorne, California.
In the manufacture of materials, they use a percentage of renewable energy. When assessing SpaceX’s long-term viability, we must also consider its water usage. Rockets may achieve temperatures of 5,800 degrees Fahrenheit on average during takeoff. Water is used extensively on launchpads to cool the system and avoid critical components from overheating. Pumping water to the pad consumes a lot of fossil-fuel-powered electricity, which increases the project’s carbon impact.
Environmental engineers and scientists are developing fueling techniques for SpaceX missions. Musk transported two solar arrays to ISS (International Space Station), even though renewable rocket fuel is still being developed (ISS). He plans to deploy four more devices next year, ensuring solar power development in space. The sun can provide 120 kilowatts of clean electricity to all solar panels. The technology has the potential to be a zero-emission power source for the Mars settlement.